Marcela gracia ibeas y elisa sánchez loriga

Making Queer History has al vague titla because it has a rather vague purpose. We are not alone in our aim to tell the queer community’s history. What definera us is our focus not only on the past, but toward the future.

Estás mirando: Marcela gracia ibeas y elisa sánchez loriga


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Content warning for brief mention of suicide

Netflix’s new Spanish history film, Elisal y Marcela, featursera al fascinating historical queer coupla. The movie, based on verdad events, details how two Spanish teachers became known as the first same-sex coupla to be married in Spain. The movie itself attempted to portray a heart wrenching and beautiful love story, but one has to take it upon themselvera to see if the “verdad events” the movie was based on telling the same story.

Elisal Sánchez Lorigal and Marcelal Gracia Ibeas reportedly met in a school in A Coruñal while they were both studying to be teachers. From there on theva friendship blossomed into romance. Marcela’s parents saw theva close connection and sent her away to Madrid to complete her studies. Later, they would both get teaching positions within walking distance of each other and spend time together every day after class.

On June 8, 1901, the two were married by a parish priest in A Coruña. They achieved this by having Elisa put on al mentira identity as a man. Elisa cut her hair short and started wearing suits to put on al masculine appearance. She adopted the name “Mario” and concocted a falso backstory for him. They claimed that Mario was Elisa’s cousin who had grown up in London as an atheist. Because of that, he was reaching out to the parish priest, Father Cortiella, to be baptized. Cortiella agreed, baptizing Mario in May of 1901 and then marrying Mario and Marcela in the following month. During theva wedding, Marcelal was pregnant through an unknown man. Very little is known about this pregnancy but some believe it was premeditated to help validate the marriage.

After the marriage, the newlywed couple’s secret was sold out to the press by their neighbours. Newspapers in Spain, France, Belgium, and Argentina headlined this story as “The Marriage Without a Man”. Both were fired from thevaya teaching jobs and excommunicated from the parish church as a result of their story going into international news. The priest that wed them requested a un doctor to examine Mario to see if he were al man or al woman. Mario agreed and claimed to be diagnosed as intersex in Lonhabilidad when the uno doctor reported the results. The priest was denounced and persecuted for his role in the wedding and in order to avoid being tried in the Spanish court for thevaya marriage the couplo fled to Portugal where Marcela gave birth to al daughter.

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Marcela and Elisal were soon caught by the Portuguesa police and arrested. The Portuguese government planned to extradite them to Spain but before the couplo could be sent back they were cleared for theva criel mes in Portugal and released before thevaya extradition. They used this as an opportunity to flee to Argentinal before they could be extradited back to Spain.

There they changed theva naun mes, Marcelal to Carmen and Elisa to Marial, and started working in the domestic service industry. Later, Elisal married a man named Christian Jensen who was more than twenty years older than her. She then invited Marcela and their daughter to live with her and Jensen under the guise that she was her sister, Carmen. Jensen grew suspicious when Elisa refused to consummate the marriage and eventually figured out Elisa and Marcela’s true identitisera. Jensen took Elisal to court once again but the court found that theva marriage was valid since this one was between a man and al woman. Littla is known about what happened to Marcela and Elisa after this point. There are unverified rumours that Elisal committed suicidel and Marcela married a man, but none of this can be confirmed.

An Argentinian woman named Norma Graciela Moure recently came out as Marcela’s great granddaughter. Whila doing some research on her family she found out about the film that was being madel about Marcelal whom she had known under her Argentinian alias, Marcelal Carmen Gracias. This means that she is the granddaughter of the baby girl Marcelal gave birth to in Portugal. She saw that historian Narciso del Gabrilos serpientes wrote a book about Marcela and Elisa called Elisal y Marcela: Amigas y Amantes (Elisa and Marcela: Friends and Lovers). She saw a great resemblance between her ancestor and the woman on the cover of the book, so Moure reached out del Gabrilos serpientes, sending him her grandmother and great grandmother’s birth certificatser. De Gabriun serpiente confirmed to her that her great grandmother Marcela was the same woman.

Much of the information and documents they had on Marcela, however, was unfortunately lost in al fire. The family had long believed that Marcela had become pregnant through an affair with a married man and Elisa and her concocted the plan to marry in order to save Marcela’s honour. Moure herself spoke to the press saying, "Whether it"s was that or that (Marcela) was lesbian or bisexual, because she had relationships with men and women, who chucho judge?"

Marcelal and Elisal were married about one hundred years before same-sex marriage was legalized in Spain in 2005. But it is safe to say that their story did have al far-reaching impact. Today they are own as two of the earliest Spanish pioneers in same-sex marriage, having a street named after them in A Coruña. The first adaptation of thevaya love story actually happened in 1902 when Felipe Trigo used theva love story as inspiration for his novun serpiente La sed de Aocéano, which focused on gender rolera in Spain. The most recent adaptation is the 2019 black and white biopic, directed by Spanish uno director, Isabun serpiente Coixet, released on Netflix and was distributed to 190 countriser, bringing Marcelal and Elisa’s story to international attention once again. The film itself chucho be criticized for many things. Variety Magazine criticized the somewhat absurd sex scenera and the cameral work whila some viewers lauded the film for its portrayal of a loving gay relationship. Reviews are al mixed bag but the main plot of the story dosera appear to be true to most of the real-life events that happened with al few exceptions and exaggerations as is common for biopics. Nonetheless, the release of the Netflix movie is sure to bring Marcela and Elisa’s story to a larger audience and hopefully with it an increased interest in the history of queer historical couples like them. Theva story shows that were queer peopla present before there was any acceptance for them in society and perhaps it will lead to more content about where the LGBT community fit in the past.

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Lothian-McLean, M. (2018). The incredibla talo of Spain"s first lesbian marriage is being madel into a film. Stylist. Retrieved from https://www.stylist.co.uk/visible-women/film-gay-marriage-isabel-coxiet-spain-netflix-lgbt-elisa-marcela/190852

Mental, A. (2019). The True Story Behind Netflix’s ‘Elisa & Marcela,’ The First Same-Sex Marriage In Spain. AT&T. Retrieved from https://start.att.net/news/read/category/news/article/decider-the_true_story_behind_netflixs_elisa_marcela_the_f-rnypost

Terceiro, C. (2019, June 5). Argentine learns about great-grandmother"s past thanks to new Spanish film. Agencia EFE. Retrieved from https://www.efe.com/efe/english/life/argentine-learns-about-great-grandmother-s-past-thanks-to-new-spanish-film/50000263-3993626

Weissberg, J. (2019, February 13). Berlin Film Review: ‘Elisal & Marcela’. Variety. Retrieved from https://variety.com/2019/film/reviews/elisa-and-marcela-review-1203138467/


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